What Is Bone Marrow Transplant
Types, Process, and Risk
What is it?
A bone marrow transplant procedure is done to replace damaged or defective bone marrow; due to disease, cancer, or primary Bone Marrow disorder. The procedure entails taking blood cells and transplanting them through the bone marrow where they will then produce healthy blood cells anew which will promote the regrowth of new marrow.
Patients visiting us for bone marrow transplants in Delhi are thoroughly screened before being deemed eligible for a bone marrow transplant.
Bone marrow is a sponge-like fatty tissue inside our bones that produces red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets: all of which are essential for sustaining life.
Bone marrow contains “immature” stem cells that form blood, called hematopoietic stem cells, or HSCs. Most cells will only make copies of themselves but HSCs are unspecialised, which means they have the potential to multiply through cell division and produce different kinds of blood cells, HSC will make new blood cells throughout your lifespan.
A bone marrow transplant will replace damaged stem cells with healthy cells, and help the body produce sufficient white blood cells, platelets and red blood cells which will then prevent infections, bleeding disorders, or anaemia. Healthy stem cells can be procured from a donor, or a patient’s own body. Read on to know more.
In case you’re looking for the best bone marrow transplant in Delhi, you can get in touch with us and rest assured that you’ll be under the aegis of the best bone marrow transplant physicians in Delhi.
Who might require a Bone Marrow Transplant
Bone marrow transplants are essentially performed when a person’s bone marrow simply isn’t healthy enough to function properly anymore. This can happen because of blood cancer, or defective marrow conditions like aplastic anaemia, thalassemia, and sickle cell anaemia. Most patients who come to us seeking bone marrow transplants in Dwarka suffer from
Are there any complications that come with a Bone Marrow Transplant?
A bone marrow transplant is a major medical procedure and does increase the risk of experiencing a drop in blood pressure, headaches, nausea, pain, shortness of breath, chills, and a fever. These symptoms are usually short-term, but bone marrow transplants can cause complications a person’s chances of developing such complications depend on several factors like age, a person’s overall health, and the primary disease transplant. The major complications that can occur due to BMT are
This happens due to high-dose chemotherapy and usually resolves in 2-3 weeks.
Long – Term side effects:
Remember, not receiving treatment for bone marrow complications is almost certain to shorten a person’s life considerably, and with the guidance of the best oncologists in Delhi on board, we remain confident in the outcome of the process. In the end, the decision should only be made after thorough consultation with a doctor.
The two major types of bone marrow transplants.
The reason behind requiring a bone marrow transplant will determine which kind of transplant a patient will need.
Autologous transplants involve using the person’s stem cells. It typically involves harvesting the cells before beginning any damaging therapy (to cells) like chemotherapy or radiation. After the treatment, the person’s cells are returned to their body.
Unfortunately, This is also a rescue transplant. It enables us to give high-dose chemotherapy to cure cancer cells and then restore the functioning of bone marrow infusion of stem cells.
An Allogeneic transplant will involve using cells from a donor, but the donor should be a close genetic match. Therefore, compatible relatives are ideal donors, but genetic matches can also be sought out from donor registries.
Allogeneic transplants will be necessary for patients who have a condition that has damaged their bone marrow cells. This naturally carries a higher risk of complications.
After Bone Marrow Transplant
The success of all bone marrow transplants primarily depends on how closely the donor and recipient are genetically matched, and at times, it can be rather hard to find a suitable match from unrelated donors.
The typical recovery time from a bone marrow transplant is around 3-4 weeks, although it could take up to a year for a full recovery. Recovery will depend on the condition being treated, chemotherapy, radiation, donor, and where the transplant is performed.
A BMT is a major procedure, with its own risk, but living without bone marrow is impossible, and receiving no treatment is certain to prove fatal. You should weigh up all options, and consult only the best doctors before making a decision.
Dr Abhishek Raj
Consultant in Medical Oncology